Chapter 3 Guide - Cells And Tissues Quiz Bowl and Timed test were retired at the end of summer 2013. Quiz Bowl had always been buggy, as many people had pointed out, and it had become difficult to …
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Chapter 1 Test Review
Be sure to have read chapter 1 (pg.2-21) Main Objectives on Test:
Overview of Anatomy and Physiology (pg.2)- (Definitions: Anatomy, physiology, Gross Anatomy and the relationship between anatomy and physiology)
Levels of Structural Organization (pgs 2-3)- (Be able to give examples within a body system)
Body Systems (pgs 3-7)-Know the functions and main organs of the eleven body systems
Necessary Life Functions (pg.-9) Be able to list, define and explain
Survival Needs (pg.9)- Be able to list, define and explain
Homeostasis (pg.9-11) Define, homeostatic control mechanisms: compare negative and positive feedback systems, explain importance imbalance, explain why homeostasis is important
Anatomic position, Directional Terms and Regional Terms (pg.11-14)- Be able to describe organs in the body using directional terms, identify the regional terms and the four main points of the anatomical position
Body Cavities and Body Planes/Sections (pgs.17-19)- Define and describe where they are located and organs that lie in or on them. Review I.Provide the correct term pertaining to the necessary life functions of organisms next to the description.1.
environment_______________ 2.Provides new cells for growth and 3.Occurs when constructive activities occur at a faster rate than destructive 4.A sandwich that you have just eaten is broken down to its chemical 5.Elimination of carbon dioxide by the lungs and nitrogenous wastes by the 6.Ability to react to stimuli.
A major role of the nervous 7.
Walking and passage of glucose through a cell 8.All chemical reactions occurring in the 9.At the cellular level, membranes; for the whole organism, the identify the survival needs that correspond to the following descriptions.10.
Includes carbohydrates, proteins, fats and 11.
Essentials for normal operation of the respiratory system and breathing_______________________ 12.Single substance accounting for over 60% of body 13.Required for the release of energy from 14
.Provides the basis for body fluids of all 15.When too high or too low, become POSITION (p.11) 1.
List the 4 important points of the anatomical position:
REGIONAL TERMS (p.13) Please identify the region for the body part listed.
Please also describe the terms ANTERIOR and _____ Back of the Back of the Below the Shoulder Curve of the Back of the Heel of the Area between the hips_____________________________ Point of the Front of the TERMS:
Fill in the following blanks with the appropriate directional terms.
The ears are the shoulders.The ears are to the nose.The heart is to the spine.
The heart is to the lungs.The elbow is to the fingers.
The elbow is to the shoulder.
The neck is to the chin.The kidneys are to the liver.The nose is to the cheekbones.The chest is to the abdomen.
The skin is to the skeletal muscles.The knee is to the toes.The brain is to the spinal cord.The lungs are to the stomach.The thumb is to the fingers. VI.
BODY PLANES (p.
17) Identify the following body planes.
Please use all terms associated with each plane in your answer.
1.A cut made along a lengthwise plane, dividing the body (or organ) into front and back sides 2.A cut made along the horizontal plane, dividing the body (or organ) into top and bottom parts 3.
A cut made along the lengthwise (longitudinal) plane plane, dividing the body into right and left sides Identify the appropriate body planes.1.Incision cutting the heart into right and left 2.
Incision cutting the kidney into anterior and posterior parts: _____________________________ 3 Incision cutting the lung into top and bottom .
What body surfaces are the following body parts on? Shoulder Top of the .Identify the body cavities where the following body organs and located. Small Large Spinal Pituitary .Referring to the above organs, identify which abdominal region they are located in (some organs are found in more than one abdominal region: please list all regions that the organ is found below): Hypogastric region: Right lumbar region: Umbilical region: Epigastric region: Left iliac region:.
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