bodrum otel rehberi
Bodrumda Nereye Gidilir Barlar, Restoranlar, Oteller, Gece Kulüpler Bodrum Sualtı Arkeoloji Müzesi

Essay in urdu language

Language Coordinator: Rakesh Ranjan. Frequently Asked Questions; Web Resources; Hindi-Urdu is one of the largest spoken languages in the world and it is used as a .
Omniglot - The Online Encyclopedia Of Writing Systems And ...
Essay on urdu language! The same Khari Boli that gave rise to Hindi also gave rise to urdu around the 11th century AD. The Western Sauraseni Apabhramsa is said
Urdu Script Writing - Learn Languages - Grammar And …
How to Learn urdu Writing. More than 104 million people speak urdu as a primary and a secondary language in the world. It serves as the national language of Pakistan ...
Essay On Urdu Language (1347 Words) - Yourarticlelibrary.com
Urdu (/ ˈ ʊər d uː /; urdu: اُردُو ‎ ALA-LC: Urdū; IPA: [ˈʊrd̪uː] ), or more precisely Modern Standard urdu, is a standardized register of the ...
Urdu - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Urdu Script Writing. instructions: Try to write your name in English then press the SPACE button or hit ENTER. You will see it automatically transliterated ...
How To Learn Urdu Writing | Ehow
Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and an officially recognised regional language of india. It is also an official language in the indian states of Andhra ...
Mesaas | Languages | Hindi-urdu - Columbia University
How to Write in the urdu language. urdu is an indo-Aryan language, spoken mainly in Northern india and Pakistan. Spoken urdu is mutually intelligible with Hindi ...
How To Write In The Urdu Language | Ehow
The term 'Urdu' and its origin The term urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the ...
Hindustani Language - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Language Coordinator: Rakesh Ranjan. Frequently Asked Questions; Web Resources; Hindi-Urdu is one of the largest spoken languages in the world and it is used as a ...
essay in urdu languageessay in urdu languageessay in urdu language
Urduintransitives
Language in India www.languageinindia.com 42

9 : 11 November 2009 Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume 9 : 11 November 2009

ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M.S.Thirumalai, Ph.D.Editors: B.Mallikarjun, Ph.D.Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.

B.A.

Sharada, Ph.D.A.R.Fatihi, Ph.D.

Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.K.Karunakaran, Ph.D.

Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers

Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz

Language in India www.languageinindia.com 43

9 : 11 November 2009 Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers

Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by

Urdu Speakers

Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz ==========================================================

Abstract

The aim of the study is to investigate the distinction made in the use of English intransitive verbs by Urdu speakers.It, further, explores the effect of task variation on the acquisition of intransitive verbs and focuses on whether the distinction in two types of intransitive verbs is systematic or not.Written essays and a Grammatical Judgment Task (GJT) of thirty graduate level students have been analyzed for various occurrences and misuses of English unaccusative and unergative verbs.The study has shown that Urdu speakers make a clear distinction between two types of English intransitive verbs and use more frequently passive morphology with unaccusative verbs than unergative verbs.The study has task variation influences the learners performance and that learners do not randomly use passive morphology rather have semantic properties of an object.

1.Introduction

The unaccusative hypothesis presented by Permutter (1978) claims that intransitive verbs fall into two subclasses- unergative verbs and unaccusative verbs.

A.The light spread B .The man shouted.

The above mentioned verbs, in example A and B, appear to fall into two classes by virtue of their meaning.With verbs like spread (arrive, fall, die) the subject is not so much the cause of the action as the entity affected by it.With verbs like shout (swim, dance, sparkle), the subject might said to be the cause of the action, either through intention (e.g.

The man shouted) or through its inherit properties (e.g.

The diamond sparks).There is nothing in the forms of intransitives in English to distinguish these two classes but there are syntactic contexts where only one class and not the other can occur.Only the spread

a.

Last week there arrived a book that would be perfect for the course.b.

*Last week there shouted a man who found the lecture bore Language in India www.languageinindia
essay in urdu language
.com 44

9 : 11 November 2009 Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers

Spread type verbs are called unaccusatives, meaning that their subjects have the typical properties of the objects in transitive construction (are affected by the action).Objects always take the accusative case, but the subjects with spread-type verbs are always -type verbs are like the subjects

Lot of work has been done on the topic of unaccusative and unergative verbs like Burzio (1986), Rizzi (1981), Permutter and Postal (1984) Grewendrof (1989), Levin and Rappaport (1995).Their findings have been applied to Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research by several researchers like Zobl (1989) and Yip (1995) but not as much work has been devoted to SLA research than has been devoted to theoretical aspects.

The previous research in this area has focused on the acquisition of English unaccusatives by learners from different L1 backgrounds such as Chinese, (Balcom, 1997;Yip.1995), Japanese (Hirakawa, 2003,1995;Oshita, 2000.1997), Italian (Oshita, 1997), Spanish (Oshita, 1997).

There has not been any known research conducted on the L2 acquisition of English unaccusative and unergative verbs by native speakers of Urdu.This paper investigates how Urdu learners of English distinguish between the two subclasses of intransitive verbs and also looks into the effect of task variation on the performance of the learners.

2.

Research Questions

Do Urdu speakers draw a distinction in the use of English intransitive verbs? Is there any significant effect of task variation on the performance of the L2 learners in the acquisition of English intransitive verbs? Whether the distinction in the use of intransitive verbs is systematic or not?

3.

Literature Review:

The idea of interlanguage is founded upon the assumption that an L2 learner, at any particular moment in his learning sequence, is using a language system which is neither the L1 nor the L2.It is a third language, with its own grammar, lexicon and so on.The rules used by the learner are to found in neither his own mother tongue nor in the target Language, thus, Nemser cites Serbo-longs neither in English nor in Serbo-Croat.Applied linguists such as Nemser, Pitt Corder and Selinker, suggest that we need and interesting because learners tend to go through a series of interlanguage in systematic and predicable ways.Language in India www.languageinindia.com 45

9 : 11 November 2009 Abdul Qadir Khan & Sumaira Sarfraz Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers

Richards (1983) analyzed data from various preceding studies (French 1949,Duskova1969, Arabski1968, Estacia 1964,Richards1968, Bhaskar 1962,Grelier &Aguas 1964) dealing with the error analysis for learners of English as a second language from from different native language backgrounds.He sorted out the errors that were common to the different L1s including and major Indian and West Af
Download urdu essay bicycle in - 50 PDF files
Download urdu essay bicycle in - 50 PDF files
MT Mingi is ritualistic killing of children in Ethiopia as they're considered impure or cursed. Photo essay
"Inequality and Its Perils" National Journal
Inequality and Its Perils - http://t.co/tlBGCKkf
Tags: essay in urdu language,urdu essay topics,free urdu essays,urdu websites,urdu mazameen,urdu websites for health,urdu websites for essays,urdu websites for women,urdu websites templates


onasayfa All rights reserved.


Bodrum Otelleri Türkçe Sayfaları