Se, flat characters tend to be subordinate to other elements of fiction and particularly plot.Stock characters are similar to flat characters in operation, although they may not occupy as much space.It may be useful to think of stock characters as assisting both the plot and setting of a text, or contributing to the background.
The stock or typed character is a familiar stereotype often serving to aid the plot (the cub reporter, the silent cowboy, a waiter, a secretary, and so forth).Rather than viewing stock characters negatively, the reader should recognize that stock
often difficult to predict and figure out; therefore, they tend to interest us and command our attention more than flat characters.Characters can be either static or dynamic, depending on whether or not they change over the course of td at the beginning of the story.While almost all plots involve conflict of some sort, the conflict need deus ex machina tends to be viewed as a weak and poorly constructed conclusion in most modern and contemporary works.
Scenic Plot: This focuses on many realistically observed details and actions in a series of incidents, drawing out the plots movement through time.Often these movements seem to
operate outside of chronological order, even juxtaposing seemingly unrelated scenes.
Oblique Plot: Unlike scenic plots, oblique plots are compressed in terms of time and offer a reader a slice of life.Oblique stories may seem to lack a plot: action and conflict, in the traditional sense, are minimal, and there may be little exposition and no clear resolution.
These are sometimes referred to as sketches.Many postmodern and/or minimalist authors use oblique plots.
Point of View
Three questions determine point of view (who tells us the story and person omniscient):
The narrator can, and usually does, report the inner feelings and thoughts of characters.The narrator is usually not an actual character in story but an invisible storyteller who can see and report anything.This narrator can include judgments into the story (editorial omniscience), or just report characters thoughts, feelings, actions and words and let the reader come to his or her own judgments (neutral omniscience).
The narrator tells the story in the third person, but tells it from the viewpoint of one (sometimes more) character(s) in the story.This unnamed narrator knows everything about the main character, but does not reveal the inner thoughts of other characters
the narrator has same limitations as the protagonist.This perspective approximates real life more closely tus, sarcastic, lighthearted, angry, or any number of other terms.A good example of integrating tone and content is Tim OBriens The Things They Carried
Irony is the perception of incongruity or discrepancy.
It can be between words and meanings, actions and reality, or appearances and reality.Irony creates a tension between what is and what is expected, desired, appears, or is hoped for.
There are four types of irony:
1) Verbal irony is a figure of speech in which what is expressed is the opposite of the meaning implied by the speaker, and the speaker is conscious of this tension.Sarcasm is the most common example of verbal irony, but verbal irony is often more subtle and not designed to insult in the same manner as sarcasm.
An example of verbal irony is the statement We had a light snow for Michigan after our latest blizzard, and is an example of understatement (minimizing the nature of something).
Another type of verbal irony is overstatement, exaggerating the nature of something, as when people say, In my day, I walked ten miles to school, in a blizzard, barefoot! An example of the exaggerated use of verbal irony known as sarcasm would be telling someone, Youre such a beautiful human being! to someone who has just treated someone else poorly; here, the tension between what is said and what is meant is intended to be explicit to the listener/reader.
2) Situational irony occurs when there is a discrepancy between appearance and reality, expectation and fulfillment, or between what is and what would seem appropriate.
This term refers mostly to events in the story rather than words.For example, the bartender is killed in an automobile accident by t of Marie Antoinette who, in response to her citizens demands for food, was to have said, Let them eat cake.This story demonstrates dramatic and not verbal irony because Marie Antoinette was not aware that people starved, so she was not being sarcastic in her comment but instead revealing her own innocence/ignorance.Oz books (symbolic environments).
If there does not seem to be a literal level for a storys symbol
if it seems to be one extended set of symbols, a universal meaning, or represents general truths or abstract concepts about the human condition
the story is termed an allegory (found in Kafkas or Marquezs works).Why do authors use symbols? Usually because they Information on these pages is considered common knowledge within literary studies.Individuals seeking more information may find it helpful to consult one of the following books (a short list among many): A Contemporary Reader for Creative Writers, Writing Essays about Literature, The Story and Its Writer, A Web of Stories, or Fictions.
This Literature Resources syllaweb was created and is maintained by D.K.
Peterson, Department of English, Wayne State University, for the purposes of academic inquiry and scholarship.Web pages were created using Adobe Pagemill 2.0 and are maintained using Pagemill 3.0.All .
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