EXAMPLE: With or without make-up, jewelry, or expensive clothes, Joan always looks like
a zombie -2-
A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences.
These sentences are often combined with conjunctions If there is no conjunction used between two simple sentences, a semi-colon or a period should be used
EXAMPLE: Joe works downtown in a manure factory his wife Joan works in a perfume
A complex sentence can be one of two kinds:
1) one including an adjective clause 2) one including an adverb clause.
A complex sentence with an adjective clause consists of a simple sentence and an adjective clause.
Adjective clauses usually begin with:
that, who, whose, whom, where, when, which.(These are adjective signal words.)
These clauses usually follow the word they modify, or at least appear very close to itmoveable.
EXAMPLE: Mary is the person who dozes off continuously during church.Susie is the girl whose brother takes his pet boa constrictor with him "that", "who", "whom", or "which", etc.is omitted from the adjective
clause in a sentence--it is only implied.
(This type of sentence is still complex.)
EXAMPLE: Jack is the guy Mary hit on the head with a bedpan.[Jack is the guy (who, that)
Mary hit on the head with a bedpan.]
A complex sentence with an adverb clause consists of a simple sentence and an adverb clause.
Adverb clauses usually begin with such words as although, while, whereas, since, if, because as, as adverb signal words
These clauses are often moveable for example, adverb clauses can often appear either at the beginning
EXAMPLE: Although she gets sick from them, little Julie eats every mud pie she makes.
Little Julie eats every mud pie she makes although she gets sick from them.
EXAMPLE: Jeff can pull the wings cleanly off ten flies in only thirty seconds when he concentrates on what he is doing.
When he concentrates on what he is doing
ten flies in only thirty and adjective clauses cannot stand alone they must be connected to a
(Clauses which cannot stand alone are called subordinate or
dependent clauses.) If a period is used after an adverb clause, this clause becomes a fragment.
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A compound-complex sentence consists of two sentences, and one or more adjective or adverb clauses.
EXAMPLE: John climbed to the top of the tree, but Sue, who was a bit clumsy, fell off half
EXAMPLE: Since he was five, Frank has br
however, he still walks across ice-covered telephone lines in the winter time.
The whole point of this discussion is sentence variety.
Don't be satisfied with writing only simple sentences--or only simple and compound sentences, for that matter.
Varyingwill add versatility and rhythm to your writing style.
Your reader will escape the monotony of simple sentence after simple sentence.
Besides lending variety to your writing, complexshow the reader that one idea is more important than another by putting the important idea in a core and the unimportant idea in an adjective or adverb clause.
EXAMPLE: Main Idea:
Larry attracts much attention. Minor Idea:
Larry wears elephant ears and duck feet rented from a , who wears elephant ears and duck feet rented from a costume shop, attracts much attention.
When he wears elephant ears and duck feet rented from a costume shop, Larry
attracts much attracts much attention
rented from a costume shop..
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